# Morningside Medal

The Morningside Medal of Mathematics is awarded to exceptional mathematics of Chinese descent to encourage them in their pursuit of mathematical truth. Every three years, gold and silver medals are awarded to Chinese mathematicians under the age of forty-five for their outstanding achievements in pure and applied mathematics. A selection committee, chaired by Professor Shing-Tung Yau and comprising internationally renowned mathematicians, decides the winning medallists.

The winners of the Morningside Medal of Mathematics are announced at the opening ceremony of the triennial International Congress of Chinese Mathematicians (ICCM).

Each medallist receives a certificate, medal, and cash award of US$25,000 for a gold medal or US$10,000 for a silver medal.

Besides the name of the medallists, each Morningside Medal of Mathematics features the image of a Mobius Band and a fundamental domain. The Mobius Band was discovered in 1858 by the German mathematician and astronomer August Ferdinand Mobius. This curious one-sided surface does not have any orientation, yet has a distinct topographical character. It is one of the most important discoveries of the twentieth century, and it has profoundly influenced the development of modern physics, classical physics, and modern mathematics, including geometry.

A fundamental domain is related to the concept of a group, which can be used to express symmetry in mathematics. During the late nineteenth century, infinite discrete group was studied but only until the twentieth century did it become a main subject area in mathematics. This field of study is not only important to geometry, but also in number theory. Practically all the famous developments in modern number theory are related to concepts of fundamental domain and discrete groups.